One-dimensional edge states with spin splitting in bismuth

A. Takayama,1* T. Sato,2 S. Souma,3 T. Oguchi,4 T. Takahashi2,3
1Department of Physics, The University of Tokyo, Bunkyo-ku 113-0033, Japan
2Department of Physics, Tohoku University, Sendai 980-8578, Japan
3WPI Research Center, Advanced Institute for Materials Research, Tohoku University, Sendai 980-8577, Japan
4Institute of Scientific and Industrial Research, Osaka University, Ibaraki, Osaka 567-0047, Japan
Nano-Micro Conference, 2017, 1, 01067
Published Online: 31 October 2017 (Abstract)
DOI:10.11605/cp.nmc2017.01067
Corresponding Author. Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

How to Cite

Citation Information: A. Takayama, T. Sato, S. Souma, T. Oguchi, T. Takahashi, One-dimensional edge states with spin splitting in bismuth. Nano-Micro Conference, 2017, 1, 01067 doi: 10.11605/cp.nmc2017.01067

History

Received: 31 May 2017, Accepted: 12 June 2017, Published Online: 31 October 2017

Abstract

A two-dimensional (2D) system with strong spin-orbit coupling like a topological-insulator surface and semiconductor-heterostructure interface has provided a useful platform for realizing novel quantum phenomena applicable to advanced spintronic devices. 1 bilyer (BL) bismuth is theoretically predicted to be 2D topological insulator and have a spin-polarized state at edge [1,2]. However, it is not certain experimentally because to preparer a free-standing 1 BL bismuth is very difficult. Here we challenged to observe a spin-polarized electric state at edge by different approach. As observed by the atomic force microscopy (AFM) of our Bi thin film (Figure 1a), triangular-shaped bismuth BL islands with typically ~0.1 μm edge length are formed on the top surface of the Bi thin film, and the edge of each island runs along the ΓK direction in the k space. And we have also observed the 1D band dispersion from the edge state of bismuth islands measured by ARPES. In this presentation, we show the result of ARPES and spin-resolved ARPES for bismuth thin film, and discuss the origin of the 1D spin-splitting band compared with our first-principles band-calculations.

Fig1

Figure 1. (a) AFM image measured at 300 K in Air and (b) Band dispersion near EF along ΓΚ line measured at 30 K in UHV for a Bi thin film, respectively.

 

References

[1] S. Murakami, Quantum Spin Hall Effect and Enhanced Magnetic Response by Spin-Orbit Coupling. Physical Review Letters. 97, 236805 (2006). doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.97.236805
[2] M. Wada; S. Murakami; F. Freimuth; G. Bihlmayer, Localized edge states in two-dimensional topological insulators: Ultrathin Bi films. Physical Review B. 83, 121310(R) (2011). doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.83.121310

Open Access

This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.
© The Author(s) 2017

[1] S. Murakami, Quantum Spin Hall Effect and Enhanced Magnetic Response by Spin-Orbit Coupling. Physical Review Letters. 97, 236805 (2006). doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.97.236805
[2] M. Wada; S. Murakami; F. Freimuth; G. Bihlmayer, Localized edge states in two-dimensional topological insulators: Ultrathin Bi films. Physical Review B. 83, 121310(R) (2011). doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.83.121310

 

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