TiO2-C hybrid aerogel photocatalysts for methylene blue degradation

Xia Shao, Rui Zhang*
School of Materials Science and Engineering, Shanghai Institute of Technology, 100 Haiquan Road, Shangahi, China
Nano-Micro Conference, 2017, 1, 01051
Published Online: 28 October 2017 (Abstract)
DOI:10.11605/cp.nmc2017.01051
Corresponding Author. Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

How to Cite

Citation Information: Xia Shao, Rui Zhang, TiO2-C hybrid aerogel photocatalysts for methylene blue degradation. Nano-Micro Conference, 2017, 1, 01051 doi: 10.11605/cp.nmc2017.01051

History

Received: 01 June 2017, Accepted: 17 June 2017, Published Online: 28 October 2017

Abstract

TiO2-C hybrid aerogels were prepared by one-pot sol-gel process in ethanol, followed by supercritical drying and carbonization, using TiCl4 as TiO2 precursor, resorcinol-furfural as carbon precorsors, ethyl acetoacetate (EA) as a chelating agent and propylene epoxide (PO) as a gel initiator. Ce doping was performed by adding cerous nitrate into the solutions that form gels to modify the photocatalytic properties. Microstructures of samples were characterized by XRD, SEM, TEM, UV-Vis, Raman spectroscopy, nitrogen adsorption, mercury porosimetry, XPS and IR spectroscopy and the photocatalytic properties for methylene blue degradation were tested under UV and Vis light irradiation. Results showed that the porous textures of the hybrid aerogels were related to TiCl4/ resorcinol-furfural mass ratio, the molar ratios of EA/Ti and PO/Ti. The samples had large specific surface areas, high adsorption capacities for methylene blue, uniform distribution of TiO2 nanoparticles as anatase in the amorphous carbon structure. The presence of the amorphous carbon inhibited both the growth of TiO2 nanoparticles and their conversion from anatase to rutile phase. The adsorption of methylene blue followed the pseudo-second-order kinetics model and its degradation followed the first-order kinetics model. The maximum photocatalytic activity for methylene degradation was up to 4.23 times that of P25 for the TiO2-C hybrid aerogels carbonized at 800 oC. A partial reduction of Ti4+ to Ti3+ was found for the samples carbonized at 900 oC, which improved significantly the catalytic activity under visible light. Methylene blue can be degradated under visible light within 60 min with the Ce-doped TiO2-C hybrid aerogels or the undoped one carbonized at 900 oC. Adsorption coupled with photo excitement, reduced recombination rate of e/h pair, band gap narrowing by interaction of carbon with TiO2, partial reduction of Ti4+ to Ti3+ during carbonization or Ce-doping, and the increased light utilization via scattering by macropores are responsible for the improved catalytic performance as compared with P25 photocatalyst from Degussa.

Open Access

This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.
© The Author(s) 2017

 

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