To date, most of the Nanotechnology research has relied on the systemic delivery despite the low delivery efficiencies and benefits of the local and sustained delivery platforms. This prompt researchers to call the status quo treatment regimen into question and ask: Does Cancer Nanotechnology have a delivery problem? Nanotechnology can certainly deliver, but we need more efficient and sustained drug delivery platforms for cancer therapy.
How to Cite
Citation Information: João Conde, An analysis on Cancer Nanotherapy: does Nanotechnology have a delivery problem, Proceedings of the Nature Research Society, 2, 02001 (2018). doi: 10.11605/j.pnrs.201802001
Received: 15 September 2017, Accepted: 15 December 2017, Published Online: 01 January 2018
Polymers of Intrinsic Microporosity (PIMs) are broadly recognized as a potential next generation membrane material for gas separations due to their ultra-permeable characteristics. This mini review aims to provide an overview of these materials and capture its very essence, from chemistry to applications. PIMs-based gas separation membranes are divided into three main categories, i.e., neat PIMs, polymer blend PIMs, and mixed matrix PIMs membranes. This review covers a wide spectrum of PIMs with their gas diffusion mechanisms and separation performance, all of which are examined in detail. Core challenges and opportunities of PIMs membrane technology are reviewed, and this article concludes with future perspectives on PIMs. This mini review establishes a comprehensive understanding of the key technological competence and barriers of PIMs for next-generation gas separations membranes.
How to Cite
Citation Information: Canghai Ma, Jeffrey J. Urban, Polymers of Intrinsic Microporosity (PIMs) Gas Separation Membranes: A mini Review , Proceedings of the Nature Research Society, 2, 02002 (2018). doi: 10.11605/j.pnrs.201802002
Received: 11 January 2018, Accepted: 19 January 2018, Published Online: 22 January 2018
Nanoporous structures exhibit great application potential in the biosensing, energy storage and other nanoelectronics. As a newly discovered 2D material with extraordinary properties, graphene presents the ability to hold a nanoporous structure which could overcome the inherent shortages for most of the existing nanoporous materials. While how to efficiently synthesize the nanoporous structures in graphene and how to further expand the applications of nanoporous graphene (NPG) are still big challenges. In this paper, we reviewed the recent advancements related to the synthesis and potential applications of NPGs. By analyzing the different approaches to fabricate the NPGs, and the research trends for the application realization of NPG, we aim at stimulating further research on this subject.
How to Cite
Citation Information: Xin Wu, Fengwen Mu, Haiyan Zhao, Synthesis and potential applications of nanoporous graphene: A review , Proceedings of the Nature Research Society, 2018, 2, 02003. doi: 10.11605/j.pnrs.201802003
Received: 09 January 2018, Accepted: 02 February 2018, Published Online: 05 February 2018
Poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene): poly(styrenesulfonate) (PEDOT:PSS) is the most commonly used hole transport layer (HTL) in inverted (p-i-n) structured perovskite solar cells (PSCs) due to remarkable transparency and conductivity. Despite high transparency and conductivity, PEDOT:PSS has some concealed problems such as acidity, hygroscopic nature, lower work function than the ionization potential of perovskite, and poor electron blocking capability. All these properties hinder the efficient charge extraction and transport from perovskite absorber to ITO. In addition, acidic and hygroscopic nature of PEDOT:PSS can corrode the ITO electrode and degrade the moisture sensitive PSK layer, respectively. These can degrade the long-term stability and lower the performance of PSCs. Therefore, tailoring PEDOT:PSS HTL is essential for achieving highly efficient PSCs to mitigate these drawbacks. This review article gives an overview of approaches tailoring PEDOT:PSS that can minimize the limitations as HTL to improve the performance of PSCs. These include solvent treatment, composite structure, doping, and bi-layer structure PEDOT:PSS. In addition, the roles of tailored PEDOT:PSS HTL was understood in perovskite solar cells.
How to Cite
Citation Information: Khan Mamun Reza, Sally Mabrouk,Qiquan Qiao, A Review on Tailoring PEDOT:PSS Layer for Improved Performance of Perovskite Solar Cells , Proceedings of the Nature Research Society, 2018, 2, 02004. doi: 10.11605/j.pnrs.201802004
Received: 15 March 2018, Accepted: 29 March 2018, Published Online: 30 March 2018