Ethical standards for scientific publication ensure high-quality scientific publications, make public trust in scientific findings, and that people receive credit for their research findings. NRS abides by the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE)'s Code of Conduct and aims to adhere to the Best Practice Guidelines.


All journals published by NRS are committed to publishing only original material, i.e., material that has neither been published elsewhere, nor is under review elsewhere. NRS as a participant of CrossCheck uses the iThenticate software to detect instances of overlapping and similar text in submitted manuscripts. Manuscripts that are found to have been plagiarized from a manuscript by other authors, whether published or unpublished, will incur plagiarism sanctions.

Duplicate Submission

Manuscripts that are found to have been published elsewhere, or to be under review elsewhere, will incur duplicate submission/publication sanctions. If authors have used their own previously published work, or work that is currently under review, as the basis for a submitted manuscript, they are required to cite the previous work and indicate how their submitted manuscript offers novel contributions beyond those of the previous work.

Citation Manipulation

Submitted manuscripts that are found to include citations whose primary purpose is to increase the number of citations to a given author’s work, or to articles published in a particular journal, will incur citation manipulation sanctions.

Data Fabrication and Falsification

Submitted manuscripts that are found to have either fabricated or falsified experimental results, including the manipulation of images, will incur data fabrication and falsification sanctions.

Improper Author Contribution or Attribution

All listed authors must have made a significant scientific contribution to the research in the manuscript and approved all its claims. It is important to list everyone who made a significant scientific contribution, including students and laboratory technicians.

Redundant Publications

Redundant publications involve the inappropriate division of study outcomes into several articles.


In the event that there are documented violations of any of the above mentioned policies in any journal, regardless of whether or not the violations occurred in a journal published by NRS, the following sanctions will be applied:

  • Immediate rejection of the infringing manuscript.

  • Immediate rejection of every other manuscript submitted to any journal published by NRS by any of the authors of the infringing manuscript.

  • Prohibition against all of the authors for any new submissions to any journal published by NRS, either individually or in combination with other authors of the infringing manuscript, as well as in combination with any other authors. This prohibition will be imposed for a minimum of 60 months.

  • Prohibition against all of the authors from serving on the Editorial Board of any journal published by NRS.

In cases where the violations of the above policies are found to be particularly egregious, the publisher reserves the right to impose additional sanctions beyond those described above.


Open Access publishing promotes the sharing of research freely and openly to all readers through unrestricted access to publications, principally journal articles and conference papers, on the internet.

oa benefits nru

Source: Aston University Library, URL:

Benefits for researchers

  • Outputs available on an Open Access basis have a citation advantage over those available only in toll-based publications (for further details, see this list of publications on "The Open Access Citation Advantage: Summary of results of studies").
  • More and more funders of research are requiring that outputs arising from research they fund be made available on an Open Access basis - not to comply might jeopardise future grant applications.
  • The more outputs available on an Open Access basis, the less frustration you will experience in finding details of articles that look interesting, but to which your institution does not subscribe (even the most well-funded academic libraries cannot subscribe to every academic journal).
  • The greater availability of your outputs provided by Open Access increases the possibilities of your research being found and new research collaborations being formed.
  • Greater opportunity to do more with your own research outputs (traditional publishing often requires you to sign away all copyright in your outputs, limiting what you can do with them).

Benefits for readers

  • Greater access to research findings without the often prohibitive costs associated with traditional publishing (e.g. charges in excess of $30 or more for a single journal article).
  • No requirement for passwords or other forms of authentication.
  • Greater access to academic research findings for those researchers, academic and professional, who work outside academia (or in smaller institutions) who would not otherwise have straightforward access to those findings.
  • Ensuring that those who actually provide the money for publicly-funded research (i.e. tax-payers) have access to the outputs they have funded.

Source:University of Liverpool Library, URL:

  1. Publications Ethics
  2. How to Submit a manuscript
  3. What kind of video clips should I upload
  4. Can I use my mobilephone to record video clips

Manuscripts submitted to NRS journals should meet the highest standards of publication ethics:

    • Manuscripts should only report results that have not been submitted or published before, even in part.
    • Manuscripts must be original and should not reuse text from another source without appropriate citation.
    • For biological studies, the studies reported should have been carried out in accordance with generally accepted ethical research standards.

How to submit a manuscript

    All NRS journals only accept online submission. To submit a manuscript, you must register an account on the NRS manuscript center. During the submission, manuscript title, Article type (Letter, Regular Article, Review), Authors information, Abstract, Keywords and at least three suggested reviews must be provided. For experimental research articles (Not include Reviews and Theory research articles), at least one video clip related to the manuscript must be uploaded.

What kind of video clips should I upload?

You can upload all kinds of video clips ralated to your experimental research manuscripts, such as the experiment process, important experiment observations.

Can I use my mobilephone to record video clips?

Yes, currently, most mobilephone recorded video clips have an enough high resolution which can be display clearly on various mediums including Desktop computer, laptop and pad.